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What is an IT Project Manager and What Do They Do?



An information technology (IT) project manager is a professional that helps the organizations to achieve their IT goals by planning and executing projects. A project manager in any industry needs to be an organized, resourceful, inspiring leader. They are responsible for planning, organizing, allocating resources for, budgeting, and successfully executing organizations' specific IT goals.



The types of projects an IT project manager may be responsible for, include the following:

  1. software development

  2. mobile application development

  3. web development

  4. database management

  5. backup and recovery

  6. cloud migration

  7. software implementation

  8. hardware installation

  9. network configuration

  10. infrastructure management



Project Manager Duties & Responsibilities


  • Develop the big idea: Project managers are expected to pick up an idea and turn it into an executable project plan.

  • Organize the project tasks: You’ll work with your team to figure out exactly what needs to be done to bring the project to fruition.

  • Assemble the team: You'll put together a team that can help bring the project idea into reality.

  • Engaging stakeholders: Stakeholder engagement means working with the people affected by the project to ensure that they understand the coming changes and how the changes will impact them.

  • Managing the money: Projects cost money, and a project manager must be able to put together a project budget, managing how the money is spent and controlling costs.

  • Lead the team: You might be required to coach, train, mentor, and develop the people who work on the project. Leading the team involves setting up and managing collaboration on the team.

  • Manage the handover: Project managers are expected to provide a clear and complete handover to the team who will manage the project going forward or will be working with the output that the project team delivered.


Project Manager Skills


  • Leadership skills: You’ll be in charge of numerous people who fulfill various roles on your project team. Successfully leading a team means negotiating the challenges of disagreements and conflict, and being on top of communications at all times. You'll need to motivate your team to do a great job.

  • An ability to think ahead: A project is a living thing, ever evolving on its way toward completion. It can be as important to plan for what might happen later as it is to manage what's happening now.

  • Money management skills: This can begin with a simple aptitude for math, but understanding how to finance a large endeavor from salaries to supplies to unexpected cash emergencies can be critical.

  • Writing skills: A project must be documented from start to finish, in clear, concise language.


IT project management methodologies


IT project managers often use project management methodologies or frameworks to guide practices. Popular project management methodologies used for IT projects include the following:



  • Agile: This framework relies on short delivery cycles. It is often employed for projects where speed and flexibility are prioritized.



  • Waterfall methodology: Workflows sequentially between defined phases and work stations. In the Waterfall model, work only moves to the next phase after completion of the previous phase.


  • Scrum: Scrum places a focus on transparency, inspection and adaptation. Scrum encourages iterative progress, accountability and teamwork. Work is broken down into short "sprints."


  • PRINCE2: Involves lots of early stage planning. This project management framework combines practices from a variety of backgrounds and industries.



  • Traditional project management: Draws principles from the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) guide, designed around three phases of a project: inputs, tools and techniques, and outputs.




  • Lean: Focuses on reducing unnecessary waste in resources and optimizing processes for efficiency.





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